A Level Biology Guide_new Edexcel

September 14, 2017 | Author: DrMufaddal Rampurwala | Category: Gce Advanced Level (United Kingdom), Test (Assessment), Muscle, Skeletal Muscle, Educational Assessment
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A Level Biology Guide_new Edexcel...

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AS and A level Biology Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Biology B

from 2015 Your guide to our new qualifications

Hello and welcome With our new AS and A level Biology qualifications, we’ve created courses that will engage and inspire the scientists of the future. We’ve worked with all parts of the science education community and used the opportunity of curriculum change to design courses that will encourage students to develop as scientists, and give them the skills to succeed in their chosen pathway. To ensure you can cover a range of topics with teaching approaches that will suit you and your students, we’ve created two sets of courses for first teaching in September 2015: AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

The new AS and A level Biology Whilst much will seem familiar to you, there are some changes and new additions to our AS and A level Biology from September 2015. AS and A level Biology will be linear qualifications; assessments for each qualification will now take place at the end of each course.

AS and A level Biology B. This guide gives you an overview of our new AS and A level Biology courses. You can also learn more about the comprehensive help and support we are planning for you.

Take a look through our specification guide to find out more about: The new qualifications from September 2015 The new AS and A level Biology ...................................................................…. 3 Our Edexcel AS and A level Biology qualifications .............................................. 4–5 How assessment will work at AS and A level ..................................................... 6–7 Edexcel AS and A level Biology – offering you choice ........................................ 8–9 AS and A level Biology A (Salters Nuffield) AS and A level assessment at a glance ............................................................. 10–11 Sample Assessment Materials .......................................................................... 12–17 AS and A level Biology B AS and A level assessment at a glance ............................................................. 18–19 Sample Assessment Materials ........................................................................... 20–23 How we’ll be there to help How we’re supporting you ................................................................................ 24–26 Published resources .......................................................................................... 26–27 Get in touch …………….................................................................................... 28

We’re here to help you understand the changes to AS and A level Biology, so you’re ready to teach the new specifications from September 2015. Whether it is on the phone, by email, or in person at a training event, we’ll support you as you plan and teach the new qualifications. We look forward to meeting you at our Getting Ready to Teach events and answering any

AS will be a stand-alone qualification, meaning it will not form part of students’ A level grades. However, the content of the AS is included in the A level content, to allow the two qualifications to be co-taught. Questions assessing students’ use of mathematical skills will make up 10% of the exam papers. This is about the same proportion allocated in our current exam papers, but you may notice that questions now test a wider range of maths skills, and to a slightly greater depth. There will be no coursework elements in our AS and A level Biology courses. Instead, students will be required to complete a number of core practicals which cover specific skills and techniques. Practical skills will now be assessed in two ways: investigative skills, and knowledge and understanding of some core practicals will be assessed in AS and A level exams and contribute to students’ overall grades. teacher assessment of students’ competency when completing practical work will count towards the separate Practical Endorsement at A level (see page 7 for more details). We’ve taken the opportunity to update our specifications and have replaced some elements with new content to strengthen their focus on the key principles of biology. Some of your students will be hoping to study biology or a related subject at university. Wishing to encourage this, we’ve worked with Higher Education institutions to ensure that our qualifications provide the right preparation for further study.

questions you might have about our new specifications.

Peter Canning

Kathryn Booth

Damian Riddle

Rosemary Glave

Stephen Nugus

AS and A level Biology are changing. You can learn more at: www.edexcel.com/BiologyChanges.

The Science Team 2

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Our Edexcel AS and A level Biology qualifications Straightforward and balanced specifications

Assessment you and your students can have confidence in

The new AS and A level specifications are fully co-teachable, to give you flexibility with your teaching arrangements.

Our exam questions include clear command words to ensure students understand the knowledge and skills they’re being asked to demonstrate.

You can teach all our biology specifications using a concept-led approach or a context-led approach, as best suits your students (see pages 8 and 9 for more details).

There are a range of question styles to test students’ breadth of knowledge and depth of understanding, and reward the different strengths students have.

Specification content is arranged into distinct topics and linked to clear descriptive statements, so you and your students know the depth of understanding that’s expected.

Our question papers are ramped, with the level of challenge increasing throughout the exam. Every question, where possible, will begin with a more accessible question part that all students can engage with.

AS Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Specification

GCE 3 Advanced Subsidiary Pearson Edexcel Level (Salters-Nuffield) (8BN0) 2015 First teaching from September First certification from 2016

Topics cover fundamental areas of biology, such as cells, biological molecules, transport and classification. Later topics build on what has come before to give students a broad knowledge base for assessment and progression to further study and the workplace. Support is available for each key aspect of the specifications, from transition units helping students make the move from GCSE to AS and A level study, to guidance on integrating mathematical and investigative skills into lessons.

in Biology A

Issue 1

The assessment of students’ scientific investigative skills in question papers has been based on approaches we know work well already in our international exams and current specifications. A Level Biology B Specification

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology B (9BI0) First teaching from September 2015 First certification from 2017

Inspiring students to think as scientists

Issue 1

There are plenty of tools and support available to help you and your students with exam preparation. In addition to student exemplars with examiner commentaries and extra assessment materials, there’s a range of free online services to help you and your students test, track and understand their progress and performance.

Supporting students to develop as scientists Support that’s timely and tailored to your needs

Practical work is at the heart of the qualifications Core practicals have been designed to meet assessment requirements and link directly to the specifications, so your students can develop their practical skills in a context they’re familiar with. Our choices of core practicals are based on what you’ve told us works well in classroom and fieldwork situations and are the experiments you and your students enjoy. The range of core practicals enables students to build their confidence by giving them more than one opportunity to master techniques. It also means if your students miss a lesson, they’ll have a chance to try the technique again. You know your students best, so we’ve added extra flexibility around practical work, so you can substitute a core practical with one of your own, or do more, if you think they develop the same skills and techniques. We’ve created tools and resources to help you and your students with each aspect of practical work – from planning the experiments and selecting apparatus to honing investigative skills.

Enabling students to work as scientists

It’s specialist: your Subject Advisor, Stephen Nugus, will be on-hand to answer any queries you may have; our Science Team also regularly send email updates so you know the latest news. It’s local: training events and network events will be taking place near you in the run-up to September 2015 and beyond. It’s driven by you: we’ll develop our support based on what you tell us you need.

Guiding you and your students through the AS and A level courses

The new AS and A level 2015 Biology qualifications Both our new courses cover the key concepts in biology but differ in topic matter and teaching styles, so you can choose what will work best for you and your students. AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) – the most widely-used context-led courses, updated for September 2015. (See page 8 for more details.) AS and A level Biology B – brand-new courses for September 2015 combining traditional and modern topics. (See page 9 for more details.)

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How assessment will work at AS and A level With AS being a stand-alone qualification from September 2015, it will no longer form part of students’ A level grades. As such, students could choose to take AS and A level exams to receive grades for both qualifications, or just A level papers at the end of Year 13 to gain an A level grade.The qualification structure is the same for all AS and A level Sciences, regardless of exam board.

To achieve an AS qualification, students need to take:

AS Paper 1

+

AS Paper 2

=

AS grade

To achieve an A level qualification, students need to take:

+

A level Paper 2

+

A level Paper 3

=

Teacher assessment of students’ practical competency

Practical Endorsement (reported on A level certificate)

Practical Endorsement

Note: AS exam papers will include questions on some of the core practicals in the AS specification.

A level Paper 1

The Practical Endorsement (at A level only)

A level grade

From September 2015, AS and A level Biology will be 100% externally assessed; this means there are no coursework elements in the new courses. Instead, students will be required to complete a number of core practicals throughout the courses that cover specific skills and techniques. Students’ investigative skills and knowledge and understanding of core practicals will be tested in exam papers and will contribute to their final grades. In addition, students’ skills and technical competency when completing practical work will be assessed by teachers. This will form the basis for the award of a Practical Endorsement at A level. This is separate to the A level grade and, if awarded, will be reported as a ‘Pass’ on A level certificates for students who achieve it.

Note: A level exam papers will include questions on some of the core practicals in the specification. All content in the AS specification is included in the A level specification.

AS and A level Biology are changing. You can learn more at: www.edexcel.com/BiologyChanges.

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Turn to pages 10 and 11 for details on the assessment model for AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield).

Turn to pages 12 and 13 for details on the assessment model for AS and A level Biology B.

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Edexcel AS and A level Biology There are many ways to teach a subject as diverse as biology. That’s why we’re offering (Salters-Nuffield) and Biology B cover the core subject criteria and are an excellent basis This way, you can choose the course that will work best for you and your students.

Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

Brand-new courses designed for first teaching from September 2015. Courses are built around a combination of traditional and modern topics. AS Biology A (Salters-N uffield)

Specificati

AS exams: two equally-weighted papers covering specification topics and investigative skills. A level assessment: all three papers assess investigative skills and theoretical knowledge and understanding of specification topics. Paper 3 also includes questions based on a pre-release article, enabling students to apply their knowledge to a new context.

AS Biology B Specificati

Pears

Issue 1

A Level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Specification

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) (9BN0) First teaching from September 2015 First certification from 2017 Issue 1

A range of specific core practicals link directly to AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) specification topics, giving students opportunities to develop their investigative skills and consolidate their learning. (See Appendix 5 of the specifications for more details.)

Did you know The thematic presentation of topics means you can also teach the courses using a concept-based route, if you wish.

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AS exams: two equally-weighted papers covering specification topics and investigative skills.

on

Pearson Edex cel Level 3 Advanced (Salters-N Subsidiary uffield) (8BN GCE in Biolo 0) gy A First teach ing from Septe mber 2015 First certifi cation from 2016

Topics covered alongside the core subject criteria include developmental biology, the musculoskeletal system, and learning and habituation.

Turn to pages 10–17 for more information on AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield).

two sets of AS and A level Biology qualifications from September 2015. Both Biology A for progression to further study, but they differ in topic matter and teaching styles.

Biology B

The established and most widely-used context-led courses, updated for September 2015. They have been created in partnership with the University of York Science Education Group. The course uses storylines and real-life contexts to introduce biological principles.

– offering you choice

A level exams: all three papers assess theoretical knowledge and understanding of specification topics; Paper 3 also focuses on investigative skills. Topics covered alongside the core subject criteria include microbiology; there’s also a focus on physiology, such as osmoregulation and the kidney.

on

on Edexcel Level 3 Adva nced Subs First teach ing from Septe idiary GCE in Biology mber 2015 First certifi B (8BI0) cation from 2016 Issue 1

A Level Biology B Specification

A range of specific core practicals link directly to AS and A level Biology B specification topics, giving students opportunities to develop their investigative skills and consolidate their learning. (See Appendix 5 of the specifications for more details.)

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology B (9BI0) First teaching from September 2015 First certification from 2017

Turn to pages 18–23 for more information on AS and A level Biology B.

Issue 1

Did you know The nature of the topics means you can also teach the courses using a context-based route, if you wish.

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Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

AS and A level assessment at a glance AS (first assessment: summer 2016)

A level (first assessment: summer 2017)

• Exam questions will test students’ knowledge and understanding of the relevant specification topics. • Each paper will also assess students’ knowledge and understanding of experimental methods, based on the core practicals in the specification.

• Exam questions will test students’ knowledge and understanding of the relevant specification topics and experimental methods based on the core practicals in the specification. • Paper 3 will also include questions based on a pre-release article.

• Question types: multiple choice, short and long answer questions (up to 9 marks), and calculations.

• Question types: multiple choice, short and long answer questions (up to 9 marks), and calculations.

• Questions assessing students’ use of mathematical skills will make up 10% of the exam papers.

• Questions assessing students’ use of mathematical skills will make up 10% of the exam papers.

Paper 1 – Lifestyle, Transport, Genes and Health

Paper 1 – The Natural Environment and Species Survival

80 marks

50% weighting



1 hour 30 minutes

• Topic 1: Lifestyle, Health and Risk • Topic 2: Genes and Health

100 marks

33.3% weighting



• Topic 1: Lifestyle, Health and Risk

• Topic 4: Biodiversity and Natural Resources

• Topic 2: Genes and Health

• Topic 5: On the Wild Side

• Topic 3: Voice of the Genome

• Topic 6: Immunity, Infection and Forensics

2 hours

Paper 2 – Development, Plants and the Environment 80 marks

50% weighting



1 hour 30 minutes

• Topic 3: Voice of the Genome • Topic 4: Biodiversity and Natural Resources

Note: All AS exams must be taken in the same examination series. Results from AS examinations will count towards the AS grade but will not form part of the A level grade.

Paper 2 – Energy, Exercise and Co-ordination 100 marks

33.3% weighting



• Topic 1: Lifestyle, Health and Risk

• Topic 4: Biodiversity and Natural Resources

• Topic 2: Genes and Health

• Topic 7: Run for your Life

• Topic 3: Voice of the Genome

• Topic 8: Grey Matter

2 hours

Paper 3 – General and Practical Applications in Biology 100 marks

33.3% weighting



2 hours

• All topics across the full A level specification. • A section of the paper will include questions based on a pre-release article.

Assessing practical work at AS and A level From September 2015, AS and A level Biology will be 100% externally assessed; this means there are no coursework elements in the new courses. Instead, students will be required to complete a number of core practicals throughout the courses that cover specific skills and techniques. Practical skills will now be assessed in two ways: investigative skills, and knowledge and understanding of core practicals will be tested in AS and A level exams and contribute to students’ overall grades. teacher assessment of students’ skills, techniques and competency when completing practical work will count towards the Practical Endorsement at A level. This is separate to the A level grade and, if awarded, will be reported as a ‘Pass’ on A level certificates.

Looking for more information about AS and A level 10

exams? Visit www.edexcel.com/Bio15Exams. 11

Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

Sample Assessment Materials

The asterisk shows that this is a question testing the logical presentation of information and ideas in students’ answers.

This question comes from A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Paper 1 – The Natural Environment and Species Survival. 11 The distribution and abundance of species on a rocky shore were investigated using a systematic sampling technique.

*(ii) The diagram shows the distribution of some of the abiotic and biotic components of a sea shore. There are three species of seaweed (Fucus) and one species of limpet (Patella vulgata). Limpets feed on seaweed.

(a) The diagram shows the placing of the transect and quadrats on a rocky shore.

100

11 The distribution and abundance of species on a rocky shore were investigated using a quadrats systematic sampling technique.

shingle

(a) The diagram shows the placing of the transect and quadrats online a rocky shore. transect

bare rock

0 100 limpet Patella vulgata 0 100 sand 0 100 Fucus spiralis 0 100 F. vesiculosus 0 100 F. serratus

quadrats

Our questions increase in demand throughout the paper; this one is placed near the end of the paper, highlighting its more challenging nature.

transect line 0

0

2

4

2

4

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high tide 6

8

10

10

The question begins with tide a less high demanding part, so it is accessible to students and encourages 12 them to progress 14 throughout the paper. low tide 16 18

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14 distance in metres from start point low tide 16 Not to scale 18

distance in metres from start point (i) Give a reason why systematic sampling, rather than random sampling, was used in this investigation. Not to scale

0 100

0

0

2

4

high tide mark (1)

........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sampling, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . rather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . than . . . . . . . . . . . . . . random . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . sampling, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............................................................................. (i) Give a reason why systematic used in this investigation. ........... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..............................................................................

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Distance from start / m

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low tide mark

Analyse the data to explain how the distribution patterns of Fucus spiralis, Fucus vesiculosus and Fucus serratus are affected by abiotic and biotic factors.

(6)

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............................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Knowledge of sampling techniques, related to one of the core practicals, is tested in this question part.

This question tests AO3 by ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . requiring students to analyse data and form a conclusion. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................... Asterisked questions ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . will also usually be worth ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 or 9 marks. They will ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . test students’ abilities to construct ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . .a . . . . . .sustained ....... line of reasoning. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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*S47563A02736*

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

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*S47563A02636*

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

Learn more at www.edexcel.com/BioASAMs.

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Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

(b) (i) Another study compared (b)the (i) diversity Another of study species compared at different the diversity places on ofthe species shore. at different places on the shore. On the upper shore the following On the dataupper were shore obtained. the following data were obtained. Species

Comment on the relationship between diversity and the total number of individuals on these two parts of the shore.

Number ofSpecies individuals foundNumber of individuals found

Pelvetia canaliculata

Pelvetia canaliculata 10

10

Enteromorpha sp.

Enteromorpha sp. 3

3

Patella vulgata

Patella vulgata 3

3

Littorina littorea

Littorina 15littorea

15

Gibbula sp.

Gibbula 14 sp.

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Lichens

Lichens 15

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index of the diversity (D) below. for this site using the formula below. Calculate an index of diversity Calculate (D) for thisansite using formula (3) N(N − 1) N(N − 1) D= D= Σn(n − 1) Σn(n − 1)

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(Total for Question 11 = 12 marks) (3)

N = total number of organismsNof= all total species number of organisms of all species

Any formulae are provided for students.

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(2)

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n = total number of organismsnof= atotal particular number species of organisms of a particular species

This question requires use of mathematical manipulation, in this instance Simpson’s diversity index. This is part of the requirement for 10% of marks in exam papers to assess mathematics.

(ii) On the middle shore the index was found to be 7.74 with a total individual count of 37.

This question requires students to interpret the information they have calculated in the earlier question to compare with another area of the shore (errors carried forward will be allowed for).

Answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Answer .............. ............................................................................

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*S47563A02836* *S47563A02836* Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

*S47563A02936*

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

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Learn more at www.edexcel.com/BioASAMs.

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Biology A (Salters-Nuffield)

Sample Assessment Materials

The question is ramped towards a more demanding final part. Ramping of the whole paper, as well as within each question, encourages students to complete papers whilst still stretching the most able.

This question comes from A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Paper 2 – Energy, Exercise and Co-ordination. (b) The electron micrograph shows the arrangement of protein filaments in the contractile units of muscle myofibrils. (b) The electron micrograph shows the arrangement of protein filaments in the contractile units of muscle myofibrils.

(iii) The electron micrograph shows the myofibrils in a relaxed muscle. Explain how the appearance of this myofibril changes when a muscle contracts.

(2)

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2.0 μm

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2.0 μm

(c) Muscle tissue contains fast twitch and slow twitch fibres. © P154/0217 Skeletal muscle, Biology Media/Science Photo Library

(i) Calculate the magnification of this electron micrograph.

The table below shows the percentage of these fibres in two different people. (2)

© P154/0217 Skeletal muscle, Biology Media/Science Photo Library

(i) Calculate the magnification of this electron micrograph.

(2)

Person

Percentage of muscle fibre Fast twitch

Slow twitch

A

80

20

B

50

50

Explain which person has muscles that are more resistant to fatigue.

10% of marks within the paper will be used to assess mathematical skills, such as this magnification calculation.

Answer .............................................................. (ii) The number of myofibrils in this electron micrograph is Answer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

A one (ii) The number of myofibrils in this electron micrograph is B three C six

A one

(1)

D nine

B three C six

(4)

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(1)

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This 4-mark question requires ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................... students to analyse the data and form a........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... conclusion using ......................... their biological knowledge – ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . this tests AO3. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

D nine

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(Total for Question 6 = 10 marks)

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Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

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*S47564A02036*

Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

Learn more at www.edexcel.com/BioASAMs.

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Biology B

AS and A level assessment at a glance AS (first assessment: summer 2016)

A level (first assessment: summer 2017)

• Exam questions will test students’ knowledge and understanding of the relevant specification topics.

• Exam questions will test students’ knowledge and understanding of the relevant specification topics.

• Each paper will also assess students’ knowledge and understanding of experimental methods, based on the core practicals in the specification.

• Paper 3 will also test students’ investigative skills, based on core practicals in the specification.

• Question types: multiple choice, short and long answer questions (up to 9 marks), and calculations.

• Questions assessing students’ use of mathematical skills will make up 10% of the exam papers.

• Question types: multiple choice, short and long answer questions (up to 9 marks), and calculations.

• Questions assessing students’ use of mathematical skills will make up 10% of the exam papers.

Paper 1 – Advanced Biochemistry, Microbiology and Genetics

Paper 1 – Core Cellular Biology and Microbiology 80 marks

50% weighting



90 marks 1 hour 30 minutes

• Topic 1: Biological Molecules • Topic 2: Cells, Viruses and Reproduction of Living Things

30% weighting



1 hour 45 minutes

• Topic 1: Biological Molecules

• Topic 5: Energy for Biological Processes

• Topic 2: Cells, Viruses and Reproduction of Living Things

• Topic 6: Microbiology and Pathogens • Topic 7: Modern Genetics

• Topic 3: Classification and Biodiversity • Topic 4: Exchange and Transport

Paper 2 – Core Physiology and Ecology 80 marks

50% weighting



1 hour 30 minutes

• Topic 3: Classification and Biodiversity • Topic 4: Exchange and Transport

Note: All AS exams must be taken in the same examination series. Results from AS examinations will count towards the AS grade but will not form part of the A level grade.

Paper 2 – Advanced Physiology, Evolution and Ecology 90 marks

30% weighting



1 hour 45 minutes

• Topic 1: Biological Molecules

• Topic 8: Origins of Genetic Variation

• Topic 2: Cells, Viruses and Reproduction of Living Things

• Topic 9: Control Systems • Topic 10: Ecosystems

• Topic 3: Classification and Biodiversity • Topic 4: Exchange and Transport

Paper 3 – General and Practical Principles in Biology 120 marks

40% weighting



2 hours 30 minutes

• All topics across the full A level specification. • Half of the paper will focus on testing students’ knowledge and understanding of practical skills and techniques.

Assessing practical work at AS and A level From September 2015, AS and A level Biology will be 100% externally assessed; this means there are no coursework elements in the new courses. Instead, students will be required to complete a number of core practicals throughout the courses that cover specific skills and techniques. Practical skills will now be assessed in two ways: investigative skills, and knowledge and understanding of core practicals will be tested in AS and A level exams and contribute to students’ overall grades. teacher assessment of students’ skills, techniques and competency when completing practical work will count towards the Practical Endorsement at A level. This is separate to the A level grade and, if awarded, will be reported as a ‘Pass’ on A level certificates.

Looking for more information about AS and A level 18

exams? Visit www.edexcel.com/Bio15Exams. 19

Biology B

Sample Assessment Materials This question comes from A level Biology B Paper 3 – General and Practical Principles in Biology. (c) (i) The student wanted to compare the rate of respiration of a mouse with that of a woodlouse. Explain how you could modify the procedure used to measure the rate of respiration of the woodlouse so that it could be used to compare with the rate of respiration of a mouse.

3 The diagram below shows a simple respirometer used by a student to measure the rate of respiration of a small invertebrate called a woodlouse.

Your answer should explain the reasons for the modifications and include reference to the ethical treatment of the animal, and show how you could produce valid results.

The rate was measured by observing the distance the indicator fluid moved in a known time.

Students will be asked about their understanding of the core practicals they have carried out.

clip

(5)

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tube

indicator fluid

capillary tube

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container

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Students need to be able to develop and refine practical ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... ......................... design and procedures, so some questions will assess these skills. ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

woodlouse

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carbon dioxide absorber (a) Give one way in which the student could modify the procedure to obtain a better measurement of the rate of respiration.

(1)

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(b) Explain what would happen to the indicator fluid after five hours if a culture of green algae was added to the container and the tube was completely covered in light-proof paper.

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(4)

(ii) Comment on how the results you would expect to obtain for a mouse would differ from the results for a woodlouse.

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Our specification gives guidance on the ............................................................................................. ....................................................................................................................................................................................... command words used in ............................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . our question papers. For ....................................................................................................................................................................................... ‘explain’,............................................................................................. the question will always require students to ............................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . give a justification. ............................................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)

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(Total for Question 3 = 12 marks)

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Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology B Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

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Pearson Edexcel Level 3 Advanced GCE in Biology B Sample Assessment Materials – Issue 1 – December 2014 © Pearson Education Limited 2014

Learn more at www.edexcel.com/BioBSAMs.

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Biology B

Sample Assessment Materials This question comes from A level Biology B Paper 1 – Advanced Biochemistry, Microbiology and Genetics. *(b) Evaluate the use of dilution plating and optical methods for determining the number of bacterial cells in a culture. 8 A broth culture for growing bacteria was set up.

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Dilution plating was used to determine the number of live bacteria in the culture over a period of 24 hours.

Log10 number of bacteria

phase 3

7– 6– phase 2

5–

phase 4

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4–

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3– 2–

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phase 1

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1– 22



20



18



16



14



12



10



8



6



4



2



(c) Calculate the growth rate constant (k) for phase 2 of this culture, using the formula: –

0– 0



However, we also ramp the level of demand within questions too. It begins with an accessible introduction and multiple-choice question to ensure that all students have the opportunity to engage with this part of the paper.

Asterisked questions will usually be worth 6 ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . They will or 9 marks. test students’ abilities ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to present information ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and ideas logically and construct ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . .a . . . . . sustained line of reasoning. ...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

9– 8–

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The graph below shows the number of live bacteria in the culture during this 24-hour period.

Our questions increase in demand throughout the paper; this one is placed near the end of the paper, highlighting its more challenging nature.

(6)

k=

24

Time / hours

log10 Nt − log10 N0 0.301 × t (4)

(a) Which is the correct order of the phases 1 to 4 shown on the graph?

(1)

A lag, log, death, stationary

10% of marks in the papers will require candidates to use mathematical skills. This question requires students to read from the graph and use their calculator to process the data.

B lag, log, stationary, death C log, lag, death, stationary D log, lag, stationary, death

Typically, about 10% of questions on question papers (except A level Paper 3) will be multiple-choice questions in this format. 20

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Answer ................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Total for Question 8 = 11 marks)

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Learn more at www.edexcel.com/BioBSAMs.

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How we’re supporting you

Understanding the new standard

Based on what you’ve told us, we’ve looked in depth at how we can give you the support you need A bank of exemplar student work and examiner commentaries, available before first teaching to help you and your students understand the standard that’s expected.

to plan and implement the new Edexcel AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) and Biology B specifications successfully. We’ve also explored how we can help you and your students overcome those critical barriers to progress in science.

mathematical and practical skills, or getting an answer to a query, we’ll be there to help with a wide

Additional sample assessment materials to help you familiarise yourself with the new assessment styles and to use with your students to help assess their progress throughout the course.

range of free support.

Enhanced examiner reports and feedback training events* after each exam series.

Whether it’s getting started with the new qualifications, helping students to master fundamental

Designing your curriculum Teaching and learning Getting Started Guides – summarising the changes to AS and A level Biology from 2015, our assessment models and specification content.

Transition units – written by experienced teachers, these classroom materials are

Mapping documents showing changes to the AS and A level specifications, so you know the content that’s been removed, added, or changed in emphasis – all at a glance.

designed for those initial AS lessons, to help your students develop the essential skills they need to transition from GCSE to A level study successfully.

Editable schemes of work and course planners for teaching AS and A level courses

Topic delivery guides to refresh your knowledge on some of the new AS and A level content, and offer teaching suggestions.

separately or together, to account for the different teaching approaches your centre may choose.

Teacher and student materials for developing maths skills to help you and your students understand the mathematical requirements of the AS and A level specifications and give opportunities to practise applying these essential skills.

Preparing for practical work A handy list of core practicals enabling you to get the information you need from the

Tracking and progression

specifications quickly and easily. Mapping documents matching the core practicals to the essential skills appendix in our specifications. 

Teacher, technician and student worksheets which detail the procedure, apparatus and safety instructions for each core practical.

Secure mock papers that will be released when you need them.

A free online service giving detailed, instant feedback on your students’ exam performance.

Learn more at www.edexcel.com/SciSupport

Mock Analysis – a specific component of our ResultsPlus service that allows you to use past papers as mocks and receive the same detailed analysis of students’ exam performance.

Teacher materials for developing investigative skills, helping you integrate practical work and the teaching of investigative skills into your lessons. Student materials for developing investigative skills encouraging a deeper understanding of the underlying science behind practicals, guiding students to think independently as scientists and helping their preparations for AS and A level assessment. 

A free, easy-to-use exam preparation tool containing a bank of past questions to help you create your own mock exams and tests. *There may be a charge for these events.

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Subject and local support when you need it Getting Ready to Teach events to support you as you prepare to teach our courses from September 2015. Local network events for the latest updates and providing opportunities to network and share best practice with fellow teachers. Training events* throughout the academic year to help with delivering the AS and A level courses. Regular email updates from our Science Team. An expert Subject Advisor, Stephen Nugus, and specialist Science Team available to answer your queries.

Learn more at www.edexcel.com/SciSupport15.

Published resources Endorsed resources for: Edexcel AS and A level Biology A (Salters-Nuffield) and Edexcel AS and A level Biology B We’re committed to helping teachers deliver our new AS and A level Biology courses and students to achieve their full potential. To do this, we aim for our qualifications to be supported by a wide range of high-quality resources, produced by a range of publishers, including ourselves. We’re working with a range of publishers who are looking towards getting their resources endorsed: Hodder Education: Edexcel A level Biology Year 1 and Year 2 (Student Book, Student Guides, and Teaching and Learning Resources).  earson: Salters-Nuffield AS/A level: Books 1 and 2. P Edexcel AS/A level Biology B: Books 1 and 2.

It is not necessary to purchase endorsed resources, including those published by Pearson, to deliver our qualifications.

Brand-new published resources from Pearson Salters-Nuffield AS/A level Biology The Salters-Nuffield (SNAB) resources have been tried and trusted for over a decade and are the only A level Biology resources that are supported by a dedicated project team run by the University of York Science Education Group (UYSEG). Developed in collaboration with schools, educational specialists and scientists from universities and industry, the new 2015 edition of Salters-Nuffield AS/A level Biology continues to offer a context-led approach to A level Biology designed to stimulate scientific interest and enquiry set in real-life contexts. With exciting new features throughout, Salters-Nuffield AS/A level Biology helps to develop successful independent biologists able to progress from GCSE and to further study at Higher Education and beyond.

Edexcel AS/A level Biology B Our paid-for resources are written specifically to help you teach the new Edexcel A level Biology B and to develop successful independent biologists able to progress from GCSE and to further study at Higher Education and beyond. Developing a deep subject understanding: help your students understand the bigger picture and recognise connections across topics. Removing the barriers to learning: understanding core conceptual knowledge and acquiring key scientific skills are essential to removing barriers to learning and developing confident and independent learners. Synoptic learning and exam preparation: our Edexcel A level Biology B course approaches synoptic learning, consolidation and revision.

Coming spring 2015! Sign up now at: www.pearsonschools.co.uk/aleveledexcelbiology2015cg.

Note: These resources are not yet endorsed. All information correct at time of going to print and will be subject to change. These resources are not yet endorsed and will be subject to change. 26

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Get in touch! Supporting you in the run-up to September 2015 and beyond Email us: [email protected] Call us: 0844 576 0037 Visit us online: www.edexcel.com/Biology2015

U107 S14SCI02127

Images: Mythja Photography. Original origami artwork: Mark Bolitho. Origami photography: Pearson Education Ltd / Naki Kouyioumtzis.

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