chem 9

September 3, 2017 | Author: cbseisc | Category: Ion, Mole (Unit), Molecules, Valence (Chemistry), Sodium
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Q1 State law of conservation of mass. Ans The mass can neither be created nor destroyed in a chemical reaction. Q2 State law of constant proportion. Ans A pure chemical compound always consists of the same elements that are combined together in a fixed proportion by mass. Q4 Define atomic mass unit. Ans The mass of one twelfth (1/12) of the mass of one atom of carbon taken as 12. Q5 What are molecules? Ans Molecules represents a group of two or more atoms(same or different) chemically bonded to each other and held tightly by strong attractive forces. Molecules are of two types (a) Molecules of elements (b) Molecules of compound Q6 What do you mean by molecular mass? Ans The average relative mass of the molecule as compared to the mass of carbon taken as 1u. Q7 Write the relationship between number of moles and atomic mass. Ans Number of moles=given mass/gram atomic mass Q8 Why are chemical reactions according to law of conservation of mass? Ans In all chemical reactions, there is only exchange of reactants taking place when products are formed. Since there is no loss or gain of mass,the chemical reactions are according to law of conservation of mass. Q9 What is basic difference between atoms and molecules? Ans Atoms except those of noble or inert gas elements cannot exist of their own. However , all molecules can have independent existence. Q10 The atomic mass of an element is in fraction .What does it mean? Ans If the atomic mass of an element is in fraction, this mean that it exists in the form of isotopes. The atomic mass is the average atomic mass and is generally fractional. Q11 What is the difference between the mass of molecule and molecular mass? Ans: Mass of a molecule is that of a single molecule also known as its actual mass. Butmolecular mass is the mass of Avogadro’s number of molecules.

Q12 Where do we use the words mole and mol? Ans In the text part we use the word mole while as a unit ,we call it mol. Q13 How many moles are present in 11.5 g of sodium? Ans Gram atomic mass of Na =23g 11.5g of Na represents= (1mol)*(11.5g)/23.5g)=0.5 mol Q14 Explain why the number of atoms in one mole of hydrogen gas is double the number of atoms in one mole of helium gas? Ans Hydrogen gas is a diatomic in nature(H2) while helium gas is monoatomic (He).As a result, the number of atoms in one mole of hydrogen(2*NA )are expected to be double as compared to number of atoms in one mole of helium(NA) Q15An element Z forms an oxide with formula Z2O3. What is its valency? Ans Valency of Z=3 Q16 The valency of an element A is 4 . Write the formula of its oxide. Ans The formula of its oxide is A2O4 or AO2. Q17 An element X has valency 3 while the element Y has valency 2.Write the formula of the compound between XandY . Ans X2Y3 Q18 What are ions? Ans Ions are of two types charged

(a) cations - positively charged

(b) anions - negatively

Q19 Which postulate of Dalton’s Atomic theory is the basis of law of conservation of mass? Ans “ Atoms can neither be created nor destroyed during a physical or a chemical change” Q20 Write the formulae of sodium oxide and aluminium chloride Ans Sodium oxide = Na2O Aluminium chloride =AlCl3 Q21 Find out the ratio by mass of the combining elements in the following compounds (a) MgCO3 (b) CH3OH (c) CaCl2 Ans21 (a) MgCO3 ------ Mg :C:O = 24:12:48 = 2:1:4

(b) CH3OH (c) CaCl2

------ C : H : O =12:4:16 =3:1:4 ----------- Ca :Cl = 40:71

Q22 Define atomicity of the molecule. Ans Atomicity of the molecule is the number of atoms present in the molecule. Q23 What is the atomicity of oxygen,ozone,neon and sulphur? Ans Oxygen O2 = 2 Ozone O3 = 3 Neon Ne =1

Sulphur S8 =8

Q24 What is wrong with the statement '1 mol of hydrogen' Ans The statement is not correct.We must always write whether hydrogen is in atomic form ormolecular form. The correct statement is : 1mole of hydrogen atoms or one mole of hydrogen molecules . Q25 The atomic mass of an element is in fraction. What does it mean? Ans If the atomic mass of an element is in fraction, this mean that it exists in the form of isotopes. The atomic mass is the average atomic mass and is generally fractional.

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