Practice Test Ch 4

September 7, 2017 | Author: Umair Nadeem | Category: Force, Mass, Weight, Friction, Velocity
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Chapter Test B Forces and the Laws of Motion MULTIPLE CHOICE In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes each statement or best answers each question.

______ 1. Which of the following forces is an example of a contact force? a. gravitational force c. electric force b. magnetic force d. frictional force ______ 2. Which of the following forces is an example of a field force? a. gravitational force c. normal force b. frictional force d. tension ______ 3. In the free-body diagram shown to the right, which of the following is the gravitational force acting on the balloon? a. 1520 N c. 4050 N b. 950 N d. 5120 N ______ 4. A late traveler rushes to catch a plane, pulling a suitcase with a force directed 30.0° above the horizontal. If the horizontal component of the force on the suitcase is 60.6 N, what is the force exerted on the handle? a. 53.0 N c. 65.2 N b. 70.0 N d. 95.6 N

5120 N

1520 N

950 N

4050 N

______ 5. A single force acts on an object. The components of this force act along the x-axis and the y-axis. The single force that will bring the object into equilibrium has components that act along the a. x-axis and y-axis. c. x-axis and y-axis. b. x-axis and y-axis. d. x-axis and y-axis. ______ 6. As an object falls toward Earth, a. the object does not exert a force on Earth. b. the object exerts a downward force on Earth. c. Newton’s third law does not apply. d. the upward acceleration of Earth is negligible because of its large mass. ______ 7. In general, Fnet equals a. Ff. b. Fg.

c. Fn. d. F.

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Chapter Test B continued ______ 8. A small force acting on a human-sized object causes a. a small acceleration. c. a large acceleration. b. no acceleration. d. equilibrium. ______ 9. A hammer drives a nail into a piece of wood. Identify an action-reaction pair in this situation. a. The nail exerts a force on the hammer; the hammer exerts a force on the wood. b. The hammer exerts a force on the nail; the wood exerts a force on the nail. c. The hammer exerts a force on the nail; the nail exerts a force on the hammer. d. The hammer exerts a force on the nail; the hammer exerts a force on the wood. ______10. As a basketball player starts to jump for a rebound, the player begins to move upward faster and faster until his shoes leave the floor. At the moment the player begins to jump, the force of the floor on the shoes is a. greater than the player’s weight. b. equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the player’s weight. c. less than the player’s weight. d. zero. ______11. The magnitude of the gravitational force acting on an object is a. frictional force. c. inertia. b. weight. d. mass. ______12. A sled weighing 1.0  102 N is held in place on a frictionless 20.0° slope by a rope attached to a stake at the top. The rope is parallel to the slope. What is the normal force of the slope acting on the sled? a. 94 N c. 37 N b. 47 N d. 34 N ______13. There are six books in a stack, and each book weighs 5 N. The coefficient of static friction between the books is 0.2. With what horizontal force must one push to start sliding the top five books off the bottom one? a. 1 N c. 3 N b. 5 N d. 7 N

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Chapter Test B continued SHORT ANSWER 14. Describe how applying the brakes to stop a bicycle is an example of force.

15. Why is force not a scalar quantity?

16. Construct a free-body diagram of a car being towed.

17. What is the natural tendency of an object that is in motion?

18. Describe the forces acting on a car as it moves along a level highway in still air at a constant speed.

19. Distinguish between mass and weight.

20. When a car is moving, what happens to the velocity and acceleration of the car if the air resistance becomes equal to the force acting in the opposite direction?

21. Why is air resistance considered a form of friction?

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Chapter Test B continued PROBLEM 22. A sled is pulled at a constant velocity across a horizontal snow surface. If a force of 8.0  101 N is being applied to the sled rope at an angle of 53° to the ground, what is the magnitude of the force of friction of the snow acting on the sled?

23. A farmhand attaches a 25-kg bale of hay to one end of a rope passing over a frictionless pulley connected to a beam in the hay barn. Another farmhand then pulls down on the opposite end of the rope with a force of 277 N. Ignoring the mass of the rope, what will be the magnitude and direction of the bale’s acceleration if the gravitational force acting on it is 245 N?

24. A three-tiered birthday cake rests on a table. From bottom to top, the cake tiers weigh 16 N, 9 N, and 5 N, respectively. What is the magnitude and direction of the normal force acting on the second-tier?

25. A couch with a mass of 1.00  102 kg is placed on an adjustable ramp connected to a truck. As one end of the ramp is raised, the couch begins to move downward. If the couch slides down the ramp with an acceleration of 0.70 m/s2 when the ramp angle is 25.0°, what is the coefficient of kinetic friction between the ramp and the couch? (g  9.81 m/s2)

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.

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